Differences Between 7 Coffee Types Explained

When visiting your local coffee shop you are met with many different choices of coffees, from macchiato to latte to espresso. Sometimes the differences between coffee types can be confusing, especially if you're not a regular visitor. To prepare you in advance, here's a simple guide to explain the differences so you know exactly what to ask for at the counter!



An espresso is the foundation of all espresso-based coffees and is the strongest of them all. Normally, this pure coffee drink is served in a small cup that is sipped for a strong caffeine boost.

Café Latte

A café latte is an espresso-based drink made one-third espresso and two-thirds steamed milk. This milky coffee is usually served with milk foam on top and is a deliciously sweet coffee. 


Similar to a latte, a cappuccino is a milky espresso-based drink but with equal coffee to milk ratio. With more foam on top this tasty coffee is often served with chocolate sprinkles on top for decoration!


A macchiato is stronger than a cappuccino, with a shot of espresso (or 2 shots for a "long macchiato") topped with foamed milk. This hot drink is a great choice if you love that strong coffee taste but want something a little creamier than just a shot of espresso.


A mocha is perfect for those with a sweet tooth as it is a combination of a cappuccino and hot chocolate. Mixing hot chocolate powder with a shot of espresso, steamed milk and topping with foam! Mochas give you that caffeine fix with a sweet and chocolatey flavour.


An americano is slightly different to an espresso because of the way it is made. It is a shot of espresso adding boiling water afterwards, which makes it less concentrated than an espresso. The same rich drink but not as strong taste.

Flat White 

A flat white is a strong and smooth coffee, with a high coffee to milk ratio. The secret to making a great flat white is good blending of the steamed milk and coffee.


Now you know the differences between different types of coffee you can confidently order yours at the coffee shop! As well as these popular choices, you can make your own version by adding syrups for added flavours.

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